The goal of econology is to ensure balanced (harmonious) development of economic and ecological systems in view of intensification of development of natural resource potential.

Econological methodology bases on: patterns of formation and functioning of the entire economic and ecological systems; the laws of economic and ecological interactions and relationships; principles of economic and environmental optimization and planning methods, optimal control and development of economic-ecological systems and facilities; system analysis; economics, ecology and sociology methods; optimization methods; information theory; game theory; catastrophe theory; econometrics; modeling and imitation the economic and ecological systems methods.